In April 2017, the Turkish government indicated an escalation of its involvement in Syria through several statements. In addition, the Turkish Armed Forces escalated their military operations by bombing the Kurdish-held towns of Afrin and threatening to take over this area. This occurred after the Turkish Forces launched the military operation of ‘Saif al-Furat’ (Euphrates Sword) along with Free Syrian Army factions on the eastern border of Afrin. The campaign was met with threats from the Kurdish Self-Administration which controls the area. This escalation could lead to many possible scenarios that have the potential to influence the social peace of the area, which is already fragile because of the current situation in Syria, particularly given the presence of multiple influential forces. This paper attempts to outline some of the possible scenarios that could take place in the future in light of the recent developments at the political and military levels.

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