April 5, 2017
Khan Sheikhoun, in the province of Idlib, has witnessed one of the most heinous war crimes of the Syrian crises This report, based on eyewitness documentation from sources on the ground, describes the chemical attack.
Khan Sheikhoun is located in the far south of the province of Idlib, almost 40 km from the city of Hama. The population of Khan Sheikhoun is roughly 63,000 in addition to 12,450 displaced persons who fled from the countryside of Hama and Homs.
After the Free Syrian Army (FSA) forced Louaa al- Aqsa (Jond al-Aqsa) to leave the city of Khan Sheikhoun, the city was no longer home to any military headquarters, especially following fierce battles with FSA factions and Islamic factions on the 20th of February 2017.
Khan Sheikhoun is far from the main battles sites of the conflict; the closest active battle between opposition armed groups and the Syrian regime is 25 km away in Mahreda, and 27 km from the town of Maerdas.
At roughly 6:30 AM Syrian time on one recent day in April 2017 a military air craft (a Russian-made Sukhoi air craft) raided the town of Khan Sheikhoun. It was found that some of the rockets that hit the city were loaded with poisonous substances that are internationally prohibited.
Witnesses claim that the rockets were loaded with sarin gas based on the symptoms it caused, including generalized and extensive spasms in the respiratory tract, paleness, and narrowing of the dorsal rings. The incident led to the occurrence of roughly 100 civilian casualties and the injury of nearly 300 others, mostly children. The cause of injury and death was the inhalation of poison gas, according to the testimony of medical staff and human rights organizations working to document cases.
The injured were sent to the existing medical centers and clinics near the area to receive first aid. Due to the fact that hospitals in the area have been hit by shelling during the recent period there are few and far between. The last hospital hit was Maarat Al-Numan Central Hospital. The critical cases which needed intubation were transferred to Turkey due to the large number of injuries as well as the fact that there is no longer any intensive care department in any of the northern Syrian hospitals.
Most of the medical centers and clinics lack equipment and supplies for dealing with injuries resulting from toxic gases – for example, water tanks, oxygen isolation tents (in sufficient quantities), atropine and peraloxime.
Until the writing of this report many of the victims have not been documented due to the large number of displaced people in the area and the death of entire families in the attack; in many cases there is no one who is able to identify the bodies. In addition, clinics and hospitals in many cases have no way to contact next-of-kin for those victims who were sent alone for medical care far away.
|Names of victims||Names of victims|
|1. Mulham Jehad al-Yousef
2. Yaser Jehad al-Yousef
3. Amar Yaser al-Yousef (child)
4. Mohamad Yaser Al-Yousef (child)
5. Sanaa Haj Ali
6. Abdu Karim Ahmad al-Yousef
7. Ahmad Abdul Hamid al-Yousef (child)
8. Aya Abdul Hamid al-Yousef (child)
9. Dalal Ahmad al-Soh
10. Ibrahim Mohamad Hasan al-Yousef
11. Mohamad Hasan al-Yousef (child)
12. Hind Turky al-Yousef
13. Umran Suhel al-Yousef
14. Ahmad Suhel al-Yousef
15. Nehad Ahmad al-Yousef
16. Malak Turkey al-Yousef
17. Noor Nehad al-Yousef
18. Hasan Mohamad al-Yousef
19. Ahmad Ibrahim al-Yousef
20. Emad Aldin al-Kadah
21-23. The children of Emad al-Din al-Kadah
24. Turkey al-Kadah
25. Wife of Turkey al-Kadah
26. Hind Turkey al-Kadah (child)
27-28. Children of Turkey al-Kadah
29. Rajaa Mohamad al-Mohamad
30- Anas al-Khaled
31. Fatema al-Susi
32. Musafa Anas al-Khaled (child)
|33. Alaa Anas al-Khaled (child)
34. Anas al-Khaled (child)
35. Abdulrahman Anas al-Khaled (child)
36. Khadija Anas al-Khaled (child)
37. Ahmad Khalid Halawa
38. Khalid Halawa
39. Shimaa Ibrahim al-Jawhar (child)
40. Ahmad Shahood al-Rem
41. Abo Ayman al-Jawhar
42. Safia Haj Kadour
43. Mayar al-Meraey (child)
44. Lawer Amer al-Naeef
45. Alaa al-Naeef
46. Mohamad al-Naeef
47. Alaa Mohamad al-Naeef
48. Wife of Alaa Mohamad al-Naeef
49. Alaa Mohamad al-Naeef’s wife’s sister
50. Jamele Hafed al-Kasem
51. Drar al-Alewe
52. Mohamad Jamal al-Kasem
53. Fares Mohamad Saied al-Barhoum (child)
54. Maher Mohamad Saied al-Barhoum (child)
55. Soha al-Kasem
56. Fatema Jamal al-Kasem
57. Hayan al-Ali
58. Sara al-Sulyman
59. Ahmad Hayan al-Ali
60. Mohamad Hayan al-Ali